The European Qualifications Framework, in English “European Qualifications Framework” (generally abbreviated as EQF) is a system that allows comparing the professional qualifications of citizens of European countries. “Qualification” means a formal certification issued by a competent authority at the end of a training course as proof of having acquired competences compatible with the standards established by the national education system.
HOW THE EUROPEAN QUALIFICATION FRAMEWORK WORKS
Starting from February 14, 2008, for each qualification issued in Europe the corresponding level of EQF can be identified and this allows comparing qualifications acquired in different countries.
The EQF adopts a system based on the learning outcomes obtained at the end of the training course.
Learning outcomes are defined in terms of knowledge, skills and competences. The overall result is an index, between 1 and 8, called QEQ, which aims to quickly and unambiguously identify the level of detail reached in a certain field.
The Member States of the U.E. they had to relate their national qualifications to the EQF system by 2010, and they will have to indicate the corresponding EQF qualification in their courses by 2012.
In simpler words, the European Qualifications Framework divides European education levels from Level 1 (compulsory education) to Level 8 (Ph.D): https://ec.europa.eu/ploteus/sites/eac-eqf/files/broch_it.pdf